A Brief History of Currency Exchange

| September 22, 2017

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Currency exchange began with bartering, people would exchange goods or a service that they could offer, for goods or a service that they required. However, problems arose with this system, when people did not want what the other person had to offer. To solve this problem, a commodity based money system was invented. Using basic items that everyone used on a daily basis as currency.Due to the cumbersome and also often perishable nature of commodity money an alternative was needed. Around this time metal objects started to be utilised.

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Technological Innovation and Everyday Lifestyle

Article | July 7, 2021

Technological innovation over the recent decades has attracted increased interest of researchers and industry experts thereby becoming an integral part of everyday lifestyle. The challenge lies in resolving the dispute between a forward-looking innovative structure promoting innovation, and a proportionately meticulous schema that is capable of winning faith of consumer. Information technology is fast turning to be a key instrument in the lives of consumer across generations. In current global economy, customers across industries have been pampered and the credit goes to “Bigtechs ” like Ali Baba, Apple, Amazon, E-bay, the list being exhaustive along with “Fintech ” and “Incumbent banks ” as a result, consumers expect swift product delivery with flawless service. A review of available literature is suggestive that further expositions tend to focus on fintech and its integration in banking arena investigating the factors that underpin the choice of external partners to collaborate, design, develop and implement fintech capability while addressing the gap between research and industry evolution. Recent developments in technology have refurbished global economies at an immensely fast pace, making the business environment extremely challenging with continued margin pressure. Digital technologies are intrusive to not only the competition but also to the role of payments in businesses impacting the ultimate consumers. Investigating digital transformation has been of continuing interest across industries. Digitization might abolish some vital job roles, threatening the human workforce reluctant to digital changes. However, observations are indicative of focus towards higher-value tasks and creating unprecedented opportunities. For instance, adoption of digitization in financial industry, provides considerable opportunity to relationship managers to spend minimal time in operational activities and maximum towards advising customers. Amongst many ideas laying the foundation of fintech adoption, a growing body of literature recognizes two vital causes for the evolution of fintech companies that can be routed back to a decade. Firstly, the global economic financial crisis also called economic recession that has distinctly exhibited to consumers the flaws of the traditional system. Second, the evolution of new technologies that boosted mobility, easy flow of information, speeding up the service delivery and lowering the costs. The way banks engage the customer today has gained fresh prominence, with a movement from branch banking to digital systems, benefitting from customer insights. Aiming to enhance consumer engagement and gain competitive advantage, debates continue about the best strategies banks adopt to engage with customers that has resulted in adding capabilities and complex technology on top of systems and processes to meet dynamic customers’ expectations to gain real time personalization. Much debated question is whether organizations with traditional framework are able to come up to such expectations becoming capable of disrupting industry by prompt digital delivery using advanced algorithms and digital platforms to successfully provide unrestricted access to information bits. Promising superior experience to users, however, if industry experts hit the bulls-eye and tend to offer more competitive prices, enhanced operational controls may entitle lesser risk and probability of higher revenues. Such developments bring along advantages and disadvantages at the same time. Whereas advantage lies in reduced transaction processing times, service excellence and global integration the disadvantages lie in the fact that not many users are keen to shift to the fintech modes as far as their financial transactions are concerned since they are apprehensive of the risks associated with such adoption, witnessing this paradigm shift in the pace at which industry is developing focussing on much saturated red ocean of retail banking and gradually making a shift towards payment systems, which seems to be an untapped blue ocean of opportunities. The underpinning factors that govern the financial industry are KYC / AML and CFT together forming the basis for regulatory controls. Ethical transparent business knit together with service excellence, minimal risk, a strong regulatory framework in the competitive industry has given the incumbent banks an opportunity to partner, collaborate and codevelop with technology and consulting firms for collaborative innovation. Technologies like artificial intelligence, blockchain are capable of providing effective product suite to clients resulting in scalability of business.. On the other hand, robots replacing front end customer interface causes threat of redundancy to human capital and increase the training costs. As a result, many times an informal approach to collaboration tends to delay the outcome since the senior management looks at digitization in transaction banking as a profitable step and the middle management is hesitant of human redundancy, training etc which might cause delay. Taken together, a probable explanation advocates that common goals of digitization in financial institutions are regulatory control, risk mitigation, increase in revenue and to meet dynamic customer expectations by co-developing with external partners to gain competitive advantage. This adoption may further lead to higher cohesiveness in departments, improved value chain and reduced turnaround time with higher resolution quality. The digital transformation is capable of reducing the operational costs and overheads leading to increased profits, improved efficiency, better regulatory controls with less risks and collaborative opportunities for partners taking benefit of its tech talent to reach desired results. References: Anikina, I.D., Gukova, V.A., Golodova, A.A. and Chekalkina, A.A. 2016. Methodological Aspects of Prioritization of Financial Tools for Stimulation of Innovative Activities. European Research Studies Journal, 19(2), 100-112. Boston Consulting Group 2018, Three Keys to successful digitization in Transaction Banking, Boston Consulting Group, pp1-2 Botta, et.al.,2016. Technology innovations driving change in transaction banking. [Online] Accessed on March 11, 2018 Available at:https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/financial-services/our-insights/technology-innovations-driving-change-in-transaction-banking Capegemini & LinkedIn, 2018, World Fintech Report, p. 9-10 Hammond, Alex, August 2017, How banks are getting the digitization of core banking wrong, pp 1-8, [Online] [Accessed on April 02, 2018] Available at:https://www.bobsguide.com/guide/news/2017/Aug/23/how-banks-are-getting-the-digitisation-of-core-banking-wrong/ Johnson. et. al., 2017, Exploring Strategy chapter 3 Industry and sector analysis, pp. 62-91 Markovitch, Shahar & Wilcott, Paul, May 2014, Accelerating the digitization of business processes, Digital McKinsey, McKinsey & Company, pp 1-5 Mehrotra, Mohit, 2014, Digital Transaction Banking: Opportunities & Challenges, Deloitte Consulting Pte Ltd., pp 1-22 Olanrewaju, Tunde, July 2014, The rise of the digital bank, Digital McKinsey, McKinsey & Company, pp 1-5 Puschmann, Thomas, 2 February 2017, Fintech, Bus Inf Syst Eng 59(1): 69-76, Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2017 Saksonova, Svetlana, Kuzmina-Merlino, Irina, 2017, Fintech as Financial Innovation – The Possibilities and Problems of Implementation, European Research Studies Journal, Volume XX, Issue 3A, pp 1-14

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A bank account - A concept of the past

Article | March 23, 2020

Almost every recent article written about banking starts with the statement that the banking industry is being disrupted by new competitors, new innovations and new technologies. Although this statement is definitely true, the extend of the disruption can still be debated. Even the most innovative neo-banks still work with bank (current, saving, term and investment) accounts, cards (credit and debit), traditional credits, existing payment infrastructure… The user experience surrounding the origination and servicing of these products has dramatically improved (and will continue to evolve), but the underlying banking products are not really disrupted.

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Fintech in 2021: 5 Fintech Trends Shaping the Banking Industry for Good

Article | March 12, 2021

The Fintech industry is consistently regulating itself since its inception. The industry has become a game-changer since the pandemic caused every consumer to look for convenience in daily transactions. Recent situations have created a necessity for Fintech companies to empower financial institutions as digital transactions soar to an all-time high, with the Indian Fintech sector at the forefront, contributing the highest in CAGR (Combined Annual Growth Report) globally. According to the market research report of March 2020, Indian and Chinese markets contributed the highest in Fintech adoption rate (87 percent) out of all emerging markets worldwide. These numbers are a green signal for the industry to roll up its sleeves as market researchers expect the Fintech market to reach INR 6207.41 billion by 2025 in India. As the Fintech world sees an all-time high upsurge, this article covers the list of 5 Fintech trends to look out for that will shape the banking industry. But before that, let's take a look at what Fintech is, and what value it can provide. What is Fintech Fintech is an abbreviation of Financial Technology and refers to the emerging technologies in finance that provide improved business solutions to clients, and a convenient way to transact. Fintech helps customers to interact and exchange value with businesses more efficiently. Fintech is neither a software, nor a brand name. You can describe Fintech as a collection of technological advancements in the financial sector to ease up transactions. Fintech trends help customers do banking in a faster, smarter, and efficient way. Fintech is on a bull run with the ongoing pandemic covering the finance industry and making users pay without wasting any time or physically being present. With Fintech, financial institutions use technologies like blockchain, artificial Intelligence, biometrics, electronic and mobile payments, etc., to make their business more efficient, helping them interact with their customers effortlessly. New upgrades and innovations in Fintech allow businesses to integrate their financial accounts with secure mobile applications. Receiving and making payments, alerts, and tracking invoices have become swift due to this integration and allow users to undertake time-intensive activities within seconds. With the help of Fintech, you can sell or buy products and pay for them from anywhere around the world—that is how Fintech is changing the world. 5 Fintech Trends That Are Shaping the Future of Banking Financial firms are aggressively taking on Fintech Financial firms and banks are adding new features in their cashless transactions to fit this pandemic-hit economy. Fintech offers convenience to customers as it has multiple options to choose for cashless transactions like mobile wallets, QR codes, contactless payments, etc. It provides a speedy process for payments and digital loans and can create dynamic growth in financial services. This acceleration will continue to groom the investments until banks and Fintech become interwoven. Now, it is just a matter of time for Fintech to emerge as one of the most booming industries. Blockchain and Big data Although blockchain and big data are on a bull run, there are miles to go before it enjoys a major slice of the market. This full swing of blockchain and big data may disrupt if challenges like cyber-attacks and fraudulent activities don't get addressed. To help overcome these obstacles, financial services adopting blockchain technologies can utilize Fintech. This implementation will help reduce fraudulent activities, phishing, and cybercrimes while generating trust with the customers. Looking at all the advantages that Fintech offers, banks adopting blockchain technologies will benefit the most out of it. Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning Additional fields where the Fintech industry has to shift its attention are AI (Artificial Intelligence) and ML (Machine Learning), where there is a lot of room for growth. Progressively, Fintech brands rely heavily on AI technologies to reduce costs and monitor transactions closely. Experts predict AI will lower the cost of financial services up to 22 percent in the next five years. Through Machine Learning, banks can offer ease of use to their customer with speedy transactions, automated trading processes, and secure payment processing. Providing multiple services on a Single Platform Instead of downloading a separate app for each financial service, any customer would prefer to have a single platform that can do everything. Many banks have already taken a step to offer multiple services across one app. It may increase the cost of building such apps with powerful API integration, but soon enough, it pays off as most financial services will turn to those banks that offer 'single platform, many features' apps. Some financial institutions may not deliver this kind of app, but the Fintech industry is sufficient to meet their demands. Fintech becoming 'the new normal.' The Fintech industry is slowly taking a step towards the general community of consumers. As the need for secure payment processes and easy accessibility of transactions keeps increasing, so does the value of Fintech serving these demands. Adoption of data analytics will garner a massive Fintech market in the upcoming days. According to market research experts, banks have already started providing financial services with a customized and local offering to their customers by closely watching market movements and data analytics. What should we expect from here? As the need to balance the demand and supply of financial transactions keeps increasing, payments and the banking sector need to keep up the speed. It is only a 'wait and watch' game to see to what extent the Fintech market grows. Frequently Asked Questions What is the next big thing in the Fintech industry? AI and blockchain are the next big thing that would take over the Fintech industry by storm. Artificial Intelligence like chatbots reduce the front-desk manual work and can be available 24/7 to help the users. Blockchain provides security on every customer transaction on payment platforms. What's new and trending in the Fintech industry? Financial institutions are focusing on financial literacy to enhance the banking experience for users. They have more control over their expenditure and savings through innovative features of Fintech, like income and expense analytics. What are the benefits of Fintech for banking? Through new Fintech innovations, the Fintech industry is reaping the benefits of improved global money transfers. Here are some of the benefits banks get through Fintech: • State-of-the-art security and compliance • Better speed in transactions • Enhanced transparency • Reduced costs { "@context": "https://schema.org", "@type": "FAQPage", "mainEntity": [{ "@type": "Question", "name": "WHAT IS THE NEXT BIG THING IN THE FINTECH INDUSTRY?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "AI and blockchain are the next big thing that would take over the Fintech industry by storm. Artificial Intelligence like chatbots reduce the front-desk manual work and can be available 24/7 to help the users. Blockchain provides security on every customer transaction on payment platforms." } },{ "@type": "Question", "name": "WHAT'S NEW AND TRENDING IN THE FINTECH INDUSTRY?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "Financial institutions are focusing on financial literacy to enhance the banking experience for users. They have more control over their expenditure and savings through innovative features of Fintech, like income and expense analytics." } },{ "@type": "Question", "name": "WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF FINTECH FOR BANKING?", "acceptedAnswer": { "@type": "Answer", "text": "Through new Fintech innovations, the Fintech industry is reaping the benefits of improved global money transfers. Here are some of the benefits banks get through Fintech: State-of-the-art security and compliance Better speed in transactions Enhanced transparency Reduced costs" } }] }

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Cash in the time of Covid: why we need to listen to the experts to protect this vital payment method

Article | April 6, 2020

Covid-19 has had a huge impact on almost every area of our lives: from travel to shopping, the economy to health services. Understandably, these are emotive issues – things that we previously may have taken for granted are now being put under enormous pressure at a time when people are very anxious. Amid the uncertainty, there is a danger that some topics may be sensationalised without any real basis in scientific evidence. One of these is the use of cash as a payment method. In recent weeks, several newspapers have questioned whether cash is still safe to use during the pandemic, with some retailers restricting its use.

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Spotlight

Bharti AXA General Insurance

Bharti AXA General Insurance Company Ltd is a joint venture between Bharti Enterprises, a leading Indian business group and AXA, a world leader in financial protection. The joint venture company has a 51% stake from Bharti and 49% stake of the AXA Group…

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